Dynamics of Nitrogen Uptake and Mobilization in Field-grown Winter Oilseed Rape Brassica napus From Stem Extension to Harvest. II. An 15 N-labelling-based Simulation Model of N Partitioning Between Vegetative and Reproductive TisReport as inadecuate




Dynamics of Nitrogen Uptake and Mobilization in Field-grown Winter Oilseed Rape Brassica napus From Stem Extension to Harvest. II. An 15 N-labelling-based Simulation Model of N Partitioning Between Vegetative and Reproductive Tis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 PIAF - Laboratoire de Physique et Physiologie Intégratives de l-Arbre Fruitier et Forestier 2 EVA - Ecophysiologie Végétale, Agronomie et Nutritions 3 The University of Queensland Brisbane

Abstract : Background and Aims Oilseed rape Brassica napus has often been used as a catch crop to deal with the issue of N leaching, but for this to be effective, prediction of the crop-s N uptake capability and N partitioning is required. The aim of this work was to build a compartmental model of N dynamics in oilseed rape, based on the kinetic description of N uptake, partitioning and mobilization in each organ. Model In this study, logistic and exponential equations were fitted to the N relations of each compartment, especially the leaf at each node. Data previously obtained from an 15 N-labelling field experiment was used to quantify the partitioning of total N content, the allocation of N taken up and subsequent changes in the sink-source status for endogenous N in each tissue throughout the growth cycle. Key Results and Conclusions This modelling approach provides a unique tool for the quantitative estimation of cycling of endogenous N in relation to changes in N uptake at the whole-plant level. Furthermore, as oilseed rape is known to release large amounts of N to the soil during spring through leaf loss, this model was used to identify potential methods for improving the N harvest index of the crop. Simulations showed that N content or yield could be improved by 15 % by optimizing N transfer from vegetative to reproductive tissues and by reducing the residual %N DW in abscised leaves.





Author: Philippe Malagoli - Philippe Laine - Laurence Rossato - Alain Ourry -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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