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Tuberculosis Research and TreatmentVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 548617, 10 pages

Research Article

International Organization for Migration, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark

Country Office, World Health Organization, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

National TB Programme, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Received 4 August 2011; Revised 25 November 2011; Accepted 1 December 2011

Academic Editor: Beena Thomas

Copyright © 2011 Christopher Gilpin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A knowledge, attitude, behaviour, and practice survey was conducted among labour migrants in Tajikistan to elucidate key factors influencing access to tuberculosis diagnosis and care both in their labour destination country and at home. 509 labour migrants were interviewed in Khaton and Rasht Valley regions in Tajikistan using a standardised questionnaire. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted among ten tuberculosis patients who had recently worked abroad. The study showed that migrants have increased vulnerability to tuberculosis due to the working and living conditions in the destination country and that access to health services is limited due to their legal status or the high cost of health services abroad. The average knowledge of migrants regarding tuberculosis is low and misconceptions are frequent. In Tajikistan, although tuberculosis drugs are usually provided free of charge, tuberculosis diagnosis and ancillary treatment are charged, thus creating a significant financial burden for patients and their families. Improving the access of labour migrants to affordable early diagnosis and treatment in both host countries and Tajikistan is a priority.





Author: Christopher Gilpin, Pierpaolo de Colombani, Sayohat Hasanova, and Umrinisso Sirodjiddinova

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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