Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Parathyroid Hyperplasia in Dialysis PatientsReport as inadecuate




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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL - Volume 6 2006, Pages 1599-1608

Mini-Review Article

Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital, Vinogradska c.29, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

University Hospital Zagreb, Kispaticea 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Received 20 June 2006; Revised 5 November 2006; Accepted 27 November 2006

Academic Editor: Daniel Batlle

Copyright © 2006 Drasko Pavlovic and Hrvojka Tomic Brzac.

Abstract

Secondary hyperparathyroidism SHPT is one of the most common complications in patients with chronic kidney disease CKD. Bone and mineral disorders, increased morbidity and mortality are the consequences of SHPT. Therefore, prevention and control of hyperparathyroidism is one of the main objectives in the management of patients with CKD, particularly in dialysis patients.It is well known that SHPT in CKD is not only a state of increased parathyroid hormone PTH synthesis and secretion, but more importantly, it is a state of parathyroid gland PTG hyperplasia. The serum concentration of intact PTH is the main method used to assess PTG overactivity. Unfortunately, estimating the size and shape of the PTG in SHPT diagnosis, i.e., parathyroid hyperplasia, is still neglected. Among the various procedures, ultrasonography could be the method of choice to detect PTG size and shape because of its simplicity and noninvasiveness. This method can be sufficiently sensitive to distinguish diffuse and nodular hyperplasia.





Author: Drasko Pavlovic and Hrvojka Tomic Brzac

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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