Genital Infection with Herpes Simplex Virus Types 1 and 2 in Women from Natal, BrazilReport as inadecuate




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ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 323657, 8 pages -

Research Article

Post-Graduate Program in Biological Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Salgado Filho, S-N, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil

Post-Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida General Gustavo de Farias, S-N, Petropolis, 59012-570 Natal, RN, Brazil

Department of Tocogynecology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Nilo Peçanha 259, Petropolis, 59012-300 Natal, RN, Brazil

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Rio Grande do Norte State, Rua Miguel Antonio da Silva Neto, S-N, Aeroporto, 59607-360 Mossoro, RN, Brazil

Department of Statistics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Salgado Filho, S-N, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, 59078-970 Natal, RN, Brazil

Pediatric Hospital, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida General Gustavo de Farias, S-N, Petropolis, 59012-570 Natal, RN, Brazil

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Salgado Filho, S-N, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil

Received 20 November 2013; Accepted 31 January 2014; Published 11 March 2014

Academic Editors: M. Friedrich, P. C. Giraldo, and H. D. Modanlou

Copyright © 2014 Cleine Aglacy Nunes Miranda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the prevalence of HSV-1 and HSV-2 in pregnant and nonpregnant women, testing the correlation between DNA of the viruses with colposcopic and-or cytological changes, and evaluate association with sociodemographic characteristics and sexual activity. Methods. Included in this study were 106 pregnant and 130 nonpregnant women treated at primary health care units of Natal, Brazil, in the period 2010-2011. The patients were examined by colposcopy, and two cervical specimens were collected: one for cytology examination and another for analysis by PCR for detection of HSV-1 and HSV-2. Results. HSV-1 alone was detected in 16.0% of pregnant and 30.0% of nonpregnant women. For HSV-2, these rates were 12.3% and 15.5%, respectively. HSV-2 had a higher correlation with cytology and-or colposcopy changes than HSV-1 did. Genital HSV-1 infection was not associated with any of the variables tested, whereas HSV-2 infection was associated with ethnicity, marital status, and number of sexual partners. Conclusions. The prevalence of HSV-1 was higher than that observed for HSV-2 in both pregnant and nonpregnant women. The genital infection by HSV-2 was higher in women with changed colposcopy and-or cytology, and it was associated with ethnicity, marital status, and number of sexual partners.





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Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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