pDOCK: a new technique for rapid and accurate docking of peptide ligands to Major Histocompatibility ComplexesReport as inadecuate




pDOCK: a new technique for rapid and accurate docking of peptide ligands to Major Histocompatibility Complexes - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Immunome Research

, 6:S2

First Online: 27 September 2010

Abstract

BackgroundIdentification of antigenic peptide epitopes is an essential prerequisite in T cell-based molecular vaccine design. Computational sequence-based and structure-based methods are inexpensive and efficient compared to experimental approaches in screening numerous peptides against their cognate MHC alleles. In structure-based protocols, suited to alleles with limited epitope data, the first step is to identify high-binding peptides using docking techniques, which need improvement in speed and efficiency to be useful in large-scale screening studies. We present pDOCK: a new computational technique for rapid and accurate docking of flexible peptides to MHC receptors and primarily apply it on a non-redundant dataset of 186 pMHC MHC-I and MHC-II complexes with X-ray crystal structures.

ResultsWe have compared our docked structures with experimental crystallographic structures for the immunologically relevant nonameric core of the bound peptide for MHC-I and MHC-II complexes. Primary testing for re-docking of peptides into their respective MHC grooves generated 159 out of 186 peptides with Cα RMSD of less than 1.00 Å, with a mean of 0.56 Å. Amongst the 25 peptides used for single and variant template docking, the Cα RMSD values were below 1.00 Å for 23 peptides. Compared to our earlier docking methodology, pDOCK shows upto 2.5 fold improvement in the accuracy and is ~60% faster. Results of validation against previously published studies represent a seven-fold increase in pDOCK accuracy.

ConclusionsThe limitations of our previous methodology have been addressed in the new docking protocol making it a rapid and accurate method to evaluate pMHC binding. pDOCK is a generic method and although benchmarks against experimental structures, it can be applied to alleles with no structural data using sequence information. Our outcomes establish the efficacy of our procedure to predict highly accurate peptide structures permitting conformational sampling of the peptide in MHC binding groove. Our results also support the applicability of pDOCK for in silicoidentification of promiscuous peptide epitopes that are relevant to higher proportions of human population with greater propensity to activate T cells making them key targets for the design of vaccines and immunotherapies.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1745-7580-6-S1-S2 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Javed Mohammed Khan - Shoba Ranganathan

Source: https://link.springer.com/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents