Bile Acid Signaling in Liver Metabolism and DiseasesReport as inadecuate




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Journal of LipidsVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 754067, 9 pages

Review ArticleDepartment of Integrative Medical Sciences, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio, OH 44272, USA

Received 10 June 2011; Accepted 4 August 2011

Academic Editor: William M. Pandak

Copyright © 2012 Tiangang Li and John Y. L. Chiang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndromes are increasingly recognized as health concerns worldwide. Overnutrition and insulin resistance are the major causes of diabetic hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in humans. Studies in the past decade provide evidence that bile acids are not just biological detergents facilitating gut nutrient absorption, but also important metabolic regulators of glucose and lipid homeostasis. Pharmacological alteration of bile acid metabolism or bile acid signaling pathways such as using bile acid receptor agonists or bile acid binding resins may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. On the other hand, bile acid signaling is complex, and the molecular mechanisms mediating the bile acid effects are still not completely understood. This paper will summarize recent advances in our understanding of bile acid signaling in regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, and the potentials of developing novel therapeutic strategies that target bile acid metabolism for the treatment of metabolic disorders.





Author: Tiangang Li and John Y. L. Chiang

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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