Is generalisation of uneven-aged management in mountain forests the key to improve biodiversity conservation within forest landscape mosaicsReport as inadecuate




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1 UR EMGR - Ecosystèmes montagnards 2 UR EFNO - Ecosystèmes forestiers

Abstract : & Context Uneven-aged management systems based on selec-tion silviculture have become popular in European mountain forests and progressively replace other silvicultural practices. In time, this trend could lead to a homogenisation of the forest mosaic with consequences on structural indices recognised as beneficial to forest biodiversity. & Aims This study was conducted to investigate the potential effects of a generalisation of the selection silvicultural system on structural diversity in the forest landscape with conse-quences for forest biodiversity conservation. & Methods We compared four structural indices tree species richness, diameter heterogeneity, deadwood volume and basal area of mature trees in five different stand types typical of the northern French Alps, using forest plot data in the Vercors mountain range. Through virtual landscape simulations, we then calculated predicted mean proportions of stand types under two different conservation strategies: i maximising mean index values at the landscape level and ii maximising the number of plots in the landscape with index values above given thresholds. & Results Multi-staged forests did not maximise all indices, the best solution being to combine the five stand types in uneven proportions to improve biodiversity conservation. & Conclusion The expansion of selection silviculture in Euro-pean heterogeneous forest landscapes could enhance biodi-versity conservation if other stand types with complementary structural characteristics are maintained.





Author: Mathilde Redon - Sandra Luque - Frédéric Gosselin - Thomas Cordonnier -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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