en fr Nanoparticules de sélénium élémentaire dorigine biologique : synthèse, caractérisation et importance en traitement des eaux usées Biogenic nanoparticles of elemental selenium : synthesis, characterization and relevanReport as inadecuate

en fr Nanoparticules de sélénium élémentaire dorigine biologique : synthèse, caractérisation et importance en traitement des eaux usées Biogenic nanoparticles of elemental selenium : synthesis, characterization and relevan - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 LGE - Laboratoire Géomatériaux et Environnement

Abstract : Nanoparticles exhibit many unique properties as compared to the bulk materials owning to their high surface to volume ratio. Elemental selenium nanoparticles also exhibit novel properties that are exploited in formation of solar cells, semiconductor rectifiers and removal of mercury and copper. However, the chemical synthesis of elemental selenium nanoparticles is costly, requires specialized equipments and uses toxic chemicals. On the other hand, biological production of elemental selenium nanoparticles BioSeNPs can be a green replacement for the chemically produced ones.BioSeNPs are produced by microbial reduction of selenite and selenate. The source of the selenium oxyanions can be the wastewaters, where microbial reduction is employed as a remediation technology for the removal of selenium. The formed BioSeNPs are colloidal poly-disperse particles with negative surface charge and are present in the effluent of the microbial reactor. However, the properties of these BioSeNPs are not very well understood. This knowledge would help us to produce better quality selenium nanomaterials, exploit produced BioSeNPs in the wastewater treatment and control the fate of these BioSeNPs in the microbial reactors. The characterization of BioSeNPs revealed the presence of the extracellular polymeric substances EPS on the surface of BioSeNPs. The EPS was identified to control the surface charge and to some extent the shape of the BioSeNPs. It was also found that the microbial reduction at 55 and 65 °C can lead to the formation of selenium nanowires as compared to nanospheres when the reduction takes place at 30 °C. These selenium nanowires are present in trigonal crystalline structure and are colloidal suspension, unlike the chemically formed trigonal selenium nanorods. This colloidal nature is due to negative ζ-potential values owning to the presence of EPS on the surface of biogenic selenium nanowires. Since proteins are a major component present in the EPS, the presence of various proteins on the surface of BioSeNPs was determined. The interaction of the various amino acids with the BioSeNPs was also evaluated.The interaction of heavy metals and BioSeNPs was studied with a view of developing a technology where BioSeNPs present in the effluent of an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket UASB reactor are mixed with heavy metals containing wastewater leading to removal of both BioSeNPs and heavy metals. It was found that Cu, Cd and Zn can be effectively adsorbed onto BioSeNPs. Cu was 4.7 times preferentially adsorbed onto BioSeNPs. The interaction of BioSeNPs with the heavy metals led to less negative ζ-potential of BioSeNPs loaded with heavy metals and thus better settling of BioSeNPs was achieved. The presence of BioSeNPs in the effluent of the microbial reactor treating selenium oxyanions containing wastewaters is undesirable due to higher total selenium concentrations. Thus, the attempts to capture of these BioSeNPs in the biomass-bioreactors were made. The activated sludge reactor system was investigated to aerobically reduce selenite to BioSeNPs and trap them in the activated sludge flocs. Around 80% of the fed selenium was trapped in the biomass. Sequential extraction revealed that the trapped selenium is BioSeNPs. The trapping of BioSeNPs in the sludge improved the settleability and hydrophilicity of the activated sludge flocs. When the UASB reactor were operated under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions, the total selenium concentration in the effluent under thermophilic conditions were lower than that of observed in mesophilic conditions suggesting better trapping of BioSeNPs.Keywords: Selenium, bioreduction, BioSeNPs, EPS, ζ-potential, heavy metals, activated sludge, UASB reactors, thermophilic

Résumé : Les nanoparticules exposent beaucoup de propriétés uniques en comparaison de la possession de matériels matières en gros vrac à leur haute surface au ratio de volume. Des nanoparticules de sélénium élémentaires exposent aussi les nouvelles propriétés qui sont exploitées dans la formation de cellules solaires, des redresseurs de semi-conducteur et le déplacement déménagement de mercure et le cuivre. Cependant, la synthèse chimique de nanoparticules de sélénium élémentaires est coûteuse, exige des équipements spécialisés et utilise des produits chimiques toxiques. D-autre part, la production biologique de nanoparticules de sélénium élémentaires BioSeNPs peut être un remplacementremplaçant vert pour les chimiquement produits. BioSeNPs sont produit par la réduction microbienne de sélénite et selenate. La source du sélénium oxyanions peut être le wastewaters, où la réduction microbienne est employée comme une technologie de remédiation pour le déplacement déménagement de sélénium


en fr

Keywords : Selenium Nanoparticles Biogenic production Heavy metals Bioreduction Eps

Mots-clés : Biogenic

Author: Rohan Jain -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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