Molecularly and clinically related drugs and diseases are enriched in phenotypically similar drug-disease pairsReport as inadecuate




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Genome Medicine

, 6:52

5. Systems medicine and informatics

Abstract

BackgroundThe incomplete understanding of disease causes and drug mechanisms of action often leads to ineffective drug therapies or side effects. Therefore, new approaches are needed to improve treatment decisions and to elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying pathologies and unwanted drug effects.

MethodsWe present here the first analysis of phenotypically related drug-disease pairs. The phenotypic similarity between 4,869 human diseases and 1,667 drugs was evaluated using an ontology-based semantic similarity approach to compare disease symptoms with drug side effects. We assessed and visualized the enrichment over random of clinical and molecular relationships among drug-disease pairs that share phenotypes using lift plots. To determine the associations between drug and disease classes enriched among phenotypically related pairs we employed a network-based approach combined with Fisher-s exact test.

ResultsWe observed that molecularly and clinically related for example, indication or contraindication drugs and diseases are likely to share phenotypes. An analysis of the relations between drug mechanisms of action MoAs and disease classes among highly similar pairs revealed known and suspected MoA-disease relationships. Interestingly, we found that contraindications associated with high phenotypic similarity often involve diseases that have been reported as side effects of the drug, probably due to common mechanisms. Based on this, we propose a list of 752 precautions or potential contraindications for 486 drugs.

ConclusionsPhenotypic similarity between drugs and diseases facilitates the proposal of contraindications and the mechanistic understanding of diseases and drug side effects.

AbbreviationsADRadverse drug reaction

ATCAnatomical Therapeutic Chemical

ChEBIChemical Entities of Biological Interest

CIDcompound identifier

EMAEuropean Medicines Agency

eMCelectronic Medicines Compendium

FDAUS Food and Drug Administration

FDRfalse discovery rate

GABAgamma-aminobutyric acid

ICinformation content

LLTLow-Level Term

MedDRAMedical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities

MeSHMedical Subject Headings

MICAmost informative common ancestor

MoAmechanism of action

OMIMOnline Mendelian Inheritance in Man

PPIprotein-protein interaction

PTPreferred Term

SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus

SMQStandardized MedDRA Query

SOCSystem Organ Class

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13073-014-0052-z contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Ingo Vogt - Jeanette Prinz - Mónica Campillos

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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