Potential involvement of F0F1-ATPsynthase and reactive oxygen species in apoptosis induction by the antineoplastic agent erucylphosphohomocholine in glioblastoma cell linesReport as inadecuate




Potential involvement of F0F1-ATPsynthase and reactive oxygen species in apoptosis induction by the antineoplastic agent erucylphosphohomocholine in glioblastoma cell lines - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Apoptosis

, Volume 15, Issue 7, pp 753–768

A mechanism for induction of apoptosis via the 18 kDa mitochondrial translocator proteinFirst Online: 28 January 2010

Abstract

Erucylphosphohomocholine ErPC3, Erufosine™ was reported previously to induce apoptosis in otherwise highly apoptosis-resistant malignant glioma cell lines while sparing their non-tumorigenic counterparts. We also previously found that the mitochondrial 18 kDa Translocator Protein TSPO is required for apoptosis induction by ErPC3. These previous studies also suggested involvement of reactive oxygen species ROS. In the present study we further investigated the potential involvement of ROS generation, the participation of the mitochondrial respiration chain, and the role of the mitochondrial FOF1-ATPsynthase in the pro-apoptotic effects of ErPC3 on U87MG and U118MG human glioblastoma cell lines. For this purpose, cells were treated with the ROS chelator butylated hydroxyanisole BHA, the mitochondrial respiration chain inhibitors rotenone, antimycin A, myxothiazol, and the uncoupler CCCP. Also oligomycin and piceatannol were studied as inhibitors of the FO and F1 subunits of the mitochondrial FOF1-ATPsynthase, respectively. BHA was able to attenuate apoptosis induction by ErPC3, including mitochondrial ROS generation as determined with cardiolipin oxidation, as well as collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential Δψm. Similarly, we found that oligomycin attenuated apoptosis and collapse of the Δψm, normally induced by ErPC3, including the accompanying reductions in cellular ATP levels. Other inhibitors of the mitochondrial respiration chain, as well as piceatannol, did not show such effects. Consequently, our findings strongly point to a role for the FO subunit of the mitochondrial FOF1-ATPsynthase in ErPC3-induced apoptosis and dissipation of Δψm as well as ROS generation by ErPC3 and TSPO.

KeywordsErucylphosphohomocholine TSPO FOF1-ATPsynthase Oligomycin Mitochondrial membrane potential Glioblastoma The authors Leo Veenman and Julia Alten have contributed equally.

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Author: Leo Veenman - Julia Alten - Karen Linnemannstöns - Yulia Shandalov - Sivan Zeno - Max Lakomek - Moshe Gavish - Wilfried K

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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