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Molecular Cytogenetics

, 7:56

First Online: 22 August 2014Received: 12 May 2014Accepted: 30 July 2014

Abstract

Many of the exciting new developments in solid tumor molecular cytogenetics impact classical and molecular pathology. Fluorescence in situ hybridization to identify specific DNA target sequences in nuclei of non-dividing cells in solid neoplasms has contributed to the integration of molecular cytogenetics into cytology in spite of the remarkable promiscuity of cancer genes. Indeed, although it is a low-throughput assay, fluorescence in situ hybridization enables the direct disclosure and localization of genetic markers in single nuclei. Gene fusions are among the most prominent genetic alterations in cancer, providing markers that may be determinant in needle biopsies that are negative or suspicious for malignancy, and may contribute to the correct classification of the tumors. In view of the expanding use of fluorescence in situ hybridization in cytology, future challenges include automated sample evaluation and the specification of common criteria for interpreting and reporting results.

KeywordsFISH Gene fusions Cytology Solid tumor Gene promiscuity Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13039-014-0056-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Paola Caria - Roberta Vanni

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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