Quince peel polyphenolic extract blocks human colon adenocarcinoma LS174 cell growth and potentiates 5-fluorouracil efficacyReport as inadecuate




Quince peel polyphenolic extract blocks human colon adenocarcinoma LS174 cell growth and potentiates 5-fluorouracil efficacy - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Cancer Cell International

, 16:1

First Online: 02 February 2016Received: 17 October 2015Accepted: 26 January 2016

Abstract

BackgroundDevelopment of alternative cancer-specific drugs would be of paramount importance to overcome toxicity toward normal tissues and tumor resistance. Here, we investigated the potential anti-tumoral effect of peel Peph and pulp polyphenolic extracts from the Tunisian quince Cydonia oblonga Miller on both no-tumorigenic cells NIH 3T3 Fibroblasts and HEK 293 cells and human colon adenocarcinoma LS174 cells.

MethodsCell proliferation and cytotoxicity were measured with MTT and LDH assays respectively. Cell cycle distribution and the apoptosis levels were assessed by flow cytometry. Intracellular reactive oxygen species ROS levels were determined using the fluorescent probe CM-H2DCFDA. Western blot was used to further characterize cell death and analyze the signaling pathways affected by Peph treatment. The expression level of VEGF-A was evaluated by real time quantitative PCR and further verified by quantifying the secreted cytokines by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

ResultsWe found that Peph extract displayed the highest anti-proliferative effect specifically on LS174 cells. However, each Peph phenolic compound alone did not exhibit any anti-proliferative activity, suggesting a synergistic effect of phenolic molecules. Such effect was associated with a cell cycle arrest in the G1-S phase, a caspase-independent apoptosis and an increase of the ROS production. Peph extract inhibited the pro-survival signaling pathway NFκB and suppressed the expression of various cellular markers known to be involved in cell cycling cyclin D1 and angiogenesis Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, VEGF. Interestingly, the combination Peph extract and 5-FU exerted synergistic inhibitory effect on cell viability.

ConclusionThese data propose the quince Peph extract as a promising cost effective non toxic drug to employ alone or in combination with conventional anti-colorectal cancer. Moreover, quince rich regimen may prevent the development and the progress of colon cancer.

KeywordsQuince peel polyphenolic extract Cydonia oblonga Miller Colon cancer Anti-tumoral effect Mechanism of action 5-Fluorouracil Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12935-016-0276-7 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Ichrak Riahi-Chebbi - Meriam Haoues - Makram Essafi - Ons Zakraoui - Sami Fattouch - Habib Karoui - Khadija Essafi-Benkhadi

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12935-016-0276-7







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