Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis and Its Associated Factors in Primary School and Preschool Children of Khorramabad in 2013Report as inadecuate




Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis and Its Associated Factors in Primary School and Preschool Children of Khorramabad in 2013 - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

International Journal of Pediatrics - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 120686, 7 pages -

Research Article

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 6813833946, Iran

Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 6813833946, Iran

Department of Social Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 6813833946, Iran

Department of Pediatrics, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 6813833946, Iran

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad 6813833946, Iran

Received 28 February 2014; Accepted 11 September 2014; Published 12 October 2014

Academic Editor: Namık Yaşar Özbek

Copyright © 2014 Katayoun Bakhtiar et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background.
Nocturnal enuresis refers to an inability to control urination during sleep.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis and its associated factors in children in the city of Khorramabad.
Materials and Methods.
In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, 710 male and female children were divided into two groups with equal numbers.
The samples were selected from the schools of Khorramabad using the multistage cluster and stratified random sampling methods based on the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV.
The data was analyzed using the logistic regression.
Results.
The results showed that 8% of the children had nocturnal enuresis, including 5.2% of primary nocturnal enuresis and 2.8% of secondary nocturnal enuresis.
The prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in the boys 10.7% was higher compared with that in the girls 5.4% .
There were statistically significant relationships between nocturnal enuresis and history of nocturnal enuresis in siblings , respiratory infections , deep sleep , corporal punishment at school , anal itching , and history of seizures .
Conclusion.
This study showed that the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in the boys was higher compared with that in the girls.





Author: Katayoun Bakhtiar, Yadollah Pournia, Farzad Ebrahimzadeh, Ali Farhadi, Fathollah Shafizadeh, and Reza Hosseinabadi

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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