Validation of online psychometric instruments for common mental health disorders: a systematic reviewReport as inadecuate




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BMC Psychiatry

, 16:45

Mood disorders

Abstract

BackgroundOnline questionnaires for measuring common mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety disorders are increasingly used. The psychometrics of several pen-and-paper questionnaires have been re-examined for online use and new online instruments have been developed and tested for validity as well. This study aims to review and synthesise the literature on this subject and provide a framework for future research.

MethodsWe searched Medline and PsycINFO for psychometric studies on online instruments for common mental health disorders and extracted the psychometric data. Studies were coded and assessed for quality by independent raters.

ResultsWe included 56 studies on 62 online instruments. For common instruments such as the CES-D, MADRS-S and HADS there is mounting evidence for adequate psychometric properties. Further results are scattered over different instruments and different psychometric characteristics. Few studies included patient populations.

ConclusionsWe found at least one online measure for each of the included mental health disorders and symptoms. A small number of online questionnaires have been studied thoroughly. This study provides an overview of online instruments to refer to when choosing an instrument for assessing common mental health disorders online, and can structure future psychometric research.

KeywordsInternet Depression Anxiety Measurement Psychometrics Systematic review Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12888-016-0735-7 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Wouter van Ballegooijen - Heleen Riper - Pim Cuijpers - Patricia van Oppen - Johannes H. Smit

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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