Poor peer relations predict parent- and self-reported behavioral and emotional problems of adolescents with gender dysphoria: a cross-national, cross-clinic comparative analysisReport as inadecuate




Poor peer relations predict parent- and self-reported behavioral and emotional problems of adolescents with gender dysphoria: a cross-national, cross-clinic comparative analysis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 579–588

First Online: 15 September 2015Received: 12 April 2015Accepted: 25 August 2015

Abstract

This study is the third in a series to examine behavioral and emotional problems in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria in a comparative analysis between two clinics in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Amsterdam, the Netherlands. In the present study, we report Child Behavior Checklist CBCL and Youth Self-Report YSR data on adolescents assessed in the Toronto clinic n = 177 and the Amsterdam clinic n = 139. On the CBCL and the YSR, we found that the percentage of adolescents with clinical range behavioral and emotional problems was higher when compared to the non-referred standardization samples but similar to the referred adolescents. On both the CBCL and the YSR, the Toronto adolescents had a significantly higher Total Problem score than the Amsterdam adolescents. Like our earlier studies of CBCL data of children and Teacher’s Report Form data of children and adolescents, a measure of poor peer relations was the strongest predictor of CBCL and YSR behavioral and emotional problems in gender dysphoric adolescents.

KeywordsGender dysphoria Gender identity disorder Transgender Child Behavior Checklist Youth Self-Report Form Behavioral and emotional problems Adolescents Peer relations  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Annelou L. C. de Vries - Thomas D. Steensma - Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis - Doug P. VanderLaan - Kenneth J. Zucker

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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