Liver surgery in the presence of cirrhosis or steatosis: Is morbidity increasedReport as inadecuate




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Patient Safety in Surgery

, 2:8

First Online: 25 April 2008Received: 05 December 2007Accepted: 25 April 2008

Abstract

Background dataThe prevalence of steatosis and hepatitis-related liver cirrhosis is dramatically increasing together worldwide. Cirrhosis and, more recently, steatosis are recognized as a clinically important feature that influences patient morbidity and mortality after hepatic resection when compared with patients with healthy liver.

ObjectiveTo review present knowledge regarding how the presence of cirrhosis or steatosis can influence postoperative outcome after liver resection.

MethodsA critical review of the English literature was performed to provide data concerning postoperative outcome of patients presenting injured livers who required hepatectomy.

ResultsIn clinical studies, the presence of steatosis impaired postoperative outcome regardless the severity and quality of the hepatic fat. A great improvement in postoperative outcome has been achieved using modern and multidisciplinary preoperative workup in cirrhotic patients. Due to the lack of a proper classification for morbidity and a clear definition of hepatic failure in the literature, the comparison between different studies is very limited. Although, many surgical strategies have been developed to protect injured liver surgery, no one have gained worldwide acceptance.

ConclusionSurgeons should take the presence of underlying injured livers into account when planning the extent and type of hepatic surgery. Preoperative and perioperative interventions should be considered to minimize the additional damage. Further randomized trials should focus on the evaluation of novel preoperative strategies to minimize risk in these patients. Each referral liver center should have the commitment to report all deaths related to postoperative hepatic failure and to use a common classification system for postoperative complications.

AbbreviationsASAAmerican Society of Anesthesiologists

ICGindocyanine green

PPVEPreoperative portal vein embolization

ICintermittent clamping

IPischemic preconditioning

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Author: Lucas McCormack - Pablo Capitanich - Emilio Quiñonez

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1754-9493-2-8







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