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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 1408–1414

First Online: 02 June 2010

Abstract

The Roux-Y gastric bypass RYGBP is an effective weight-reducing procedure but the involved mechanisms of action are obscure. The Roux limb is the intestinal segment that following surgery is the primary recipient for food intake. The aims of the study were to explore the mechanosensory and biomechanical properties of the Roux limb and to make correlations with preferred meal size. Ten patients participated and were examined preoperatively, 6 weeks and 1 year after RYGBP. Each subject ingested unrestricted amounts of a standardized meal and the weight of the meal was recorded. On another study day, the Roux limb was subjected to gradual distension by the use of an intraluminal balloon. Luminal volume–pressure relationships and thresholds for induction of sensations were monitored. At 6 weeks and 1 year post surgery, the subjects had reduced their meal sizes by 62% and 41% medians, respectively, compared to preoperative values. The thresholds for eliciting distension-induced sensations were strongly and negatively correlated to the preferred meal size. Intraluminal pressure during Roux limb distension, both at low and high balloon volumes, correlated negatively to the size of the meal that the patients had chosen to eat. The results suggest that the Roux limb is an important determinant for regulating food intake after Roux-Y bypass bariatric surgery.

KeywordsJejunum Biomechanics Appetite Intestinal Motor activity Food intake Per Björklund and Anna Laurenius contributed equally to this paper.

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Author: Per Björklund - Anna Laurenius - Eva Een - Torsten Olbers - Hans Lönroth - Lars Fändriks

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11695-010-0192-1







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