Routine Ultrasound and Limited Computed Tomography for the Diagnosis of Acute AppendicitisReport as inadecuate




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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 34, Issue 10, pp 2278–2285

First Online: 26 June 2010

Abstract

BackgroundAcute appendicitis continues to be a challenging diagnosis. Preoperative radiological imaging using ultrasound US or computed tomography CT has gained popularity as it may offer a more accurate diagnosis than classic clinical evaluation. The optimal implementation of these diagnostic modalities has yet to be established. The aim of the present study was to investigate a diagnostic pathway that uses routine US, limited CT, and clinical re-evaluation for patients with acute appendicitis.

MethodsA prospective analysis was performed of all patients presenting with acute abdominal pain at the emergency department from June 2005 until July 2006 using a structured diagnosis and management flowchart. Daily practice was mimicked, while ensuring a valid assessment of clinical and radiological diagnostic accuracies and the effect they had on patient management.

ResultsA total of 802 patients were included in this analysis. Additional radiological imaging was performed in 96.3% of patients with suspected appendicitis n = 164. Use of CT was kept to a minimum 17.9%, with a US:CT ratio of approximately 6:1. Positive and negative predictive values for the clinical diagnosis of appendicitis were 63 and 98%, respectively; for US 94 and 97%, respectively; and for CT 100 and 100%, respectively. The negative appendicitis rate was 3.3%, the perforation rate was 23.5%, and the missed perforated appendicitis rate was 3.4%. No diagnostic laparoscopies were performed.

ConclusionsA diagnostic pathway using routine US, limited CT, and clinical re-evaluation for patients with acute abdominal pain can provide excellent results for the diagnosis and treatment of appendicitis.

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Author: Boudewijn R. Toorenvliet - Fraukje Wiersma - Rutger F. R. Bakker - Jos W. S. Merkus - Paul J. Breslau - Jaap F. Hammi

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-010-0694-y



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