Sleep apnoea headache in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome patients presenting with morning headache: comparison of the ICHD-2 and ICHD-3 beta criteriaReport as inadecuate




Sleep apnoea headache in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome patients presenting with morning headache: comparison of the ICHD-2 and ICHD-3 beta criteria - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

The Journal of Headache and Pain

, 16:56

First Online: 19 June 2015Received: 14 May 2015Accepted: 08 June 2015

Abstract

BackgroundMorning headache is associated with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome OSAS; however, OSAS patients present with various characteristics of morning headache, and they often do not fulfil the International Classification of Headache Disorders ICHD-2 criteria for -sleep apnoea headache-. The aims of this study were to assess the new ICHD-3 beta criteria for sleep apnoea headache in OSAS patients and to evaluate the differences with the ICHD-2.

MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional survey regarding morning and sleep apnoea headaches that included 235 OSAS outpatients receiving continuous positive airway pressure CPAP treatment. The presence of morning headache was evaluated by reviewing the medical records before administration of CPAP treatment.

ResultsOf all of the OSAS patients, 48 20.4 % reported morning headaches. Of the 48 patients with morning headaches, 29 60.4 % and 39 81.3 % fulfilled the ICHD-2 and ICHD-3 beta criteria for sleep apnoea headache, respectively. The increased frequency of individuals who qualified for diagnosis was likely attributable to the extension of headache duration from 30 min to 4 h. The severity of OSAS was not associated with the presence of sleep apnoea headache.

ConclusionsThe utilisation of ICHD-3 beta criteria is clinically useful for diagnosing sleep apnoea headache in patients with OSAS. Applying the ICHD-3 beta criteria was of clinical significance when considering the marked response of these headaches to CPAP therapy. The cause of sleep apnoea headache remains to be elucidated.

KeywordsSleep apnoea headache Morning headache Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome AbbreviationsAHIApnoea-hypopnea index

BDI-IIBeck Depression Inventory-II

CPAPContinuous positive airway pressure

ESSEpworth Sleepiness Scale

ICHDInternational Classification of Headache Disorders

ODIOxygen desaturation

OSASObstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

PSQIPittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

RBDRapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder

RLSRestless legs syndrome

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Author: Keisuke Suzuki - Masayuki Miyamoto - Tomoyuki Miyamoto - Ayaka Numao - Shiho Suzuki - Hideki Sakuta - Akio Iwasaki - Yuji 

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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