A case of surgery for congenital esophagobronchial fistula accompanied by a destroyed lungReport as inadecuate




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Surgical Case Reports

, 2:93

First Online: 08 September 2016Received: 13 July 2016Accepted: 02 September 2016

Abstract

Congenital esophagobronchial fistula EBF is rarely seen in adults. We report a case of EBF detected in adulthood with a destroyed lung. A 67-year-old man experienced repeated pneumonia during his childhood. Since the age of 38, he had often suffered from bloody phlegm and always had a cough and sputum during oral intake. Before cardiac surgery for atrial fibrillation and valvular disease, computed tomography CT detected bronchiectasis, which could cause pulmonary bleeding during heart surgery, and the patient was introduced to our hospital for lung resection. A fistula between the esophagus and the right lower lung lobe was found using CT, esophagoscopy, and esophagography. Contrast CT and angiography revealed an abnormal artery branching from the inferior phrenic artery into the lobe. As indicated by intraoperative findings, the middle and lower lobes had strongly adhered to chest wall and diaphragm, but we located the fistula easily without adhesion to the surroundings, severed it using an automatic stapler, and resected the middle and lower lobes. The symptoms disappeared immediately, and the patient was uneventfully discharged.

The diagnosis of congenital EBF was established with intraoperative findings and pathological exam. The existence of pulmonary sequestration was suggested because of the long-term absence of any symptoms during his adulthood, the tract of the EBF running into the lung, not directly into the bronchus, and a septum pathologically detected in the right lower lobe. A congenital EBF should be considered for differential diagnosis in cases of limited bronchiectasis in elderly people.

KeywordsCongenital esophagobronchial fistula Pulmonary sequestration Destroyed lung Repeated pneumonia Bronchiectasis AbbreviationsCTComputed tomography

EBFEsophagobronchial fistula

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Author: Masaki Ikeda - Yoshitake Murata - Ryoko Ohnishi - Tatsuo Kato - Akira Hara - Takuji Fujinaga

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40792-016-0221-y







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