Lessons I have learned from my patients: everyday life with primary orthostatic tremorReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders

, 4:1

First Online: 12 January 2017Received: 11 August 2016Accepted: 05 December 2016

Abstract

BackgroundPrimary orthostatic tremor is a rare disorder that is still under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed. Motor symptoms are fairly characteristics but the real impact on the patient’s every day life and quality of life is under-estimated. The -how my patients taught me- format describes the impact on the patients’ every day life with their own words, which is rarely done.

Case presentationA 46 year old lady was diagnosed primary orthostatic tremor POT based on the cardinal symptoms: feelings of instability, leg tremor and fear of falling in the standing position, improvement with walking and disappearance while sitting, frequency of Tremor in the 13–18Hz range, normal neurological examination. She gives illustrative examples of her disability in every day life activity shower, public transportation, shopping. She reports how she felt stigmatized by her -invisible disorder-. As a consequence, she developed anxiety depression and social phobia. All these troubles are unknown or under recognized by doctors and family.

ConclusionsWe review the clinical signs of POT that may help to increase the awareness of doctors and improve the diagnosis accuracy, based on the motor symptoms and description of the every day life disability, as reported by the patient. Non-motor symptoms including somatic concerns, anxiety, depression, and social phobia should be better considered in POT as they have a major impact on quality of life. Pharmacological treatments clonazepam, gabapentin may be helpful but have a limited effect over the years as the patients experience a worsening of their condition. On the long term follow-up, there are still unmet needs in POT, and new therapeutic avenues may be based on the pathophysiology by modulating the cerebello-thalamo-cortical network.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s40734-016-0048-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Marie Vidailhet - Emmanuel Roze - Lucie Maugest - Cécile Gallea

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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