Neuroanatomy in mouse models of Rett syndrome is related to the severity of Mecp2 mutation and behavioral phenotypesReport as inadecuate




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Molecular Autism

, 8:32

First Online: 26 June 2017Received: 09 December 2016Accepted: 26 April 2017

Abstract

BackgroundRett syndrome RTT is a neurodevelopmental disorder that predominantly affects girls. The majority of RTT cases are caused by de novo mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 MECP2, and several mouse models have been created to further understand the disorder. In the current literature, many studies have focused their analyses on the behavioral abnormalities and cellular and molecular impairments that arise from Mecp2 mutations. However, limited efforts have been placed on understanding how Mecp2 mutations disrupt the neuroanatomy and networks of the brain.

MethodsIn this study, we examined the neuroanatomy of male and female mice from the Mecp2, Mecp2, and Mecp2 mouse lines using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging MRI paired with deformation-based morphometry to determine the brain regions susceptible to Mecp2 disruptions.

ResultsWe found that many cortical and subcortical regions were reduced in volume within the brains of mutant mice regardless of mutation type, highlighting regions that are susceptible to Mecp2 disruptions. We also found that the volume within these regions correlated with behavioral metrics. Conversely, regions of the cerebellum were differentially affected by the type of mutation, showing an increase in volume in the mutant Mecp2 brain relative to controls and a decrease in the Mecp2 and Mecp2 lines.

ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate that the direction and magnitude of the neuroanatomical differences between control and mutant mice carrying Mecp2 mutations are driven by the severity of the mutation and the stage of behavioral impairments.

KeywordsMagnetic resonance imaging Rett syndrome Mecp2 mouse models Neuroanatomy  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Rylan Allemang-Grand - Jacob Ellegood - Leigh Spencer Noakes - Julie Ruston - Monica Justice - Brian J. Nieman - Jason P. L

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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