Sodium-Glucose Linked Transporter-2 Inhibitors in Chronic Kidney DiseaseReport as inadecuate

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The Scientific World Journal - Volume 2015 2015, Article ID 317507, 6 pages -

Review Article

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Catania, 95100 Catania, Italy

Department of Nephrology, Presidio Ospedaliero Agrigento, 92100 Agrigento, Italy

Department of Nephrology, San Bassiano Hospital, 36061 Bassano del Grappa, Italy

Received 24 July 2014; Revised 1 February 2015; Accepted 2 February 2015

Academic Editor: Moses Elisaf

Copyright © 2015 L. Zanoli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


SGLT2 inhibitors are new antihyperglycaemic agents whose ability to lower glucose is directly proportional to GFR. Therefore, in chronic kidney disease CKD the blood glucose lowering effect is reduced. Unlike many current therapies, the mechanism of action of SGLT2 inhibitors is independent of insulin action or beta-cell function. In addition, the mechanism of action of SGLT2 inhibitors is complementary and not alternative to other antidiabetic agents. SGLT2 inhibitors could be potentially effective in attenuating renal hyperfiltration and, consequently, the progression of CKD. Moreover, the reductions in intraglomerular pressure, systemic blood pressure, and uric acid levels induced by SGLT inhibition may potentially be of benefit in CKD subjects without diabetes. However, at present, only few clinical studies were designed to evaluate the effects of SGLT2 inhibitors in CKD. Consequently, safety and potential efficacy beyond blood glucose lowering should be better clarified in CKD. In this paper we provide an updated review of the use of SGLT2 inhibitors in clinical practice, with particular attention on subjects with CKD.

Author: L. Zanoli, A. Granata, P. Lentini, S. Rastelli, P. Fatuzzo, F. Rapisarda, and P. Castellino



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