Associations between alcohol use expectancies and drinking problems among French soldiersReport as inadecuate




Associations between alcohol use expectancies and drinking problems among French soldiers - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 Ecole du Val de Grâce 2 Centre d-épidémiologie et de santé publique des armées 3 Centre médical des armées 4 Direction Centrale du Service de Santé des Armées 5 SESSTIM - Sciences Economiques et Sociales de la Santé & Traitement de l-Information Médicale 6 Troubles du comportement alimentaire de l-adolescent

Abstract : AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate which alcohol use expectancies could predict harmful use in the French Army to explore some hypotheses concerning socialising or coping effects. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, using self-administered questionnaires, was conducted in two Army units in 2011 n = 249. Hazardous alcohol use and dependence were screened using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT. Alcohol expectancies were measured with the Alcohol Effects Questionnaire AEFQ. A cluster analysis was performed to identify AEFQ dimensions in our sample. Relationships between AUDIT and AEFQ were explored using multinomial logistic regression. RESULTS: According to AUDIT, 46.6% of soldiers used alcohol without hazard, 26.1% had hazardous use without dependence and 18.1% had use with dependence. The AEFQ had an adequate internal coherence with a 0.78 α coefficient. The scales identified by the cluster analysis in our sample fitted those retained in the originally validated AEFQ, with a correspondence ranging from 60% to 100%. In multivariate analysis, the scale - Social and physical pleasure - was associated with increasing hazardous use and subjects who scored higher on - Global positive - and - Social and physical pleasure - scales were more at risk of dependence. CONCLUSION: The present study, in line with previous research in terms of importance of alcohol use disorders among military personnel, found that alcohol use expect-ancies are associated with alcohol misuse among soldiers. This could suggest underlying coping mechanisms towards stress that have to be further explored.

Keywords : alcohol armed forces coping expectancies socialising IDENTIFICATION TEST AUDIT UK ARMED-FORCES MILITARY PERSONNEL PRIMARY-CARE TOBACCO USE VETERANS ABUSE CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR TRENDS





Author: Vanessa Marbac-Delon - Marie-Aude Créach - Jonathan Gillard - Marc Saintot - Aurélie Mayet -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents