Usage and Perceived Side Effects of Personal Protective Measures against Mosquitoes among Current Users in DelhiReport as inadecuate

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Journal of Parasitology Research - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 628090, 4 pages -

Research ArticleDepartment of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 110002, India

Received 23 August 2013; Revised 2 November 2013; Accepted 3 November 2013; Published 28 January 2014

Academic Editor: C. Genchi

Copyright © 2014 Charu Kohli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Mosquito-borne diseases constitute an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The use of personal protective measures PPM like mats, bednets, screening, repellents, liquid vaporizers, mosquito coils, and so forth has been advocated as an effective tool in control of mosquito-borne diseases, but data about the safety profile of personal protective measures is still scarce. Objective. To study the usage and side effects of personal protective measures against mosquitoes among current users in Delhi. Materials and Methods. A community-based cross-sectional study among 350 adult individuals selected by systematic sampling method. Data was collected using pretested semistructured questionnaire after taking written informed consent. Data was analysed using SPSS version 17. Chi-square-Fisher’s Exact test was used for qualitative variables to find association and P value <0.05 was considered significant. Results. Out of 350 families selected, 210 belonged to rural area and 140 to urban area. Personal protective measures were used by 219 62.5% subjects. Liquid vaporizer was the most preferred method 41.4%. Most common perceived side effect of personal protective measures was headache 7.7%. Other perceived side effects were cough 3.2%, sore throat 2.7%, allergy 1.3%, and eye irritation 0.9% predominantly among coil users. Conclusion. There is a need to have a close watch for side effects of personal protective measures among users. Further research is also needed to develop safe and effective personal protective measures against mosquitoes.

Author: Charu Kohli, Rajesh Kumar, G. S. Meena, M. M. Singh, Jyotiranjan Sahoo, and G. K. Ingle



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