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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Volume 2016 2016, Article ID 9251849, 7 pages -

Research ArticleDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center, 525 East 68th Street, Suite J-130, New York, NY 10065, USA

Received 16 June 2016; Revised 18 September 2016; Accepted 8 November 2016

Academic Editor: Yong Tai Wang

Copyright © 2016 Lona Prasad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To determine the effect of six weeks of yoga and meditation on medical students’ levels of perceived stress and sense of wellbeing prior to taking their exams. Methods. We conducted a prospective case-control study of first-through-third-year medical students at our academic institution, measuring levels of perceived stress and sense of wellbeing before and after a six-week yoga and meditation intervention. Questionnaires used for evaluation included the perceived stress scale PSS and self-assessment surveys SAS. The postintervention surveys were completed on the day of the students’ written exams. Results. A total of thirteen women and fourteen men participated. Median age was 28 24 yrs–32 yrs. 48.1% were Caucasian, 7.4% Black, 11.1% Hispanic, 11.1% Asian, and 22.2% other. Paired -tests showed a statistically significant reduction in perceived stress 18.44 versus 14.52; after the six-week yoga and meditation program. After the yoga intervention, self-assessment survey results showed a significant improvement in feelings of peace, focus, and endurance. Improvements in happiness, positivity, personal satisfaction, and self-confidence were also seen. An improvement in unsubstantiated parameters such as patience and fatigue was observed. Conclusion. Yoga and meditation may be effective in reducing stress levels and improving aspects of personal wellbeing in medical students.





Author: Lona Prasad, Aneesha Varrey, and Giovanni Sisti

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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