Non-fatal injuries among pediatric patients seeking care in an urban Ghanaian emergency departmentReport as inadecuate




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International Journal of Emergency Medicine

, 5:36

First Online: 26 September 2012Received: 16 January 2012Accepted: 31 August 2012

Abstract

BackgroundAccording to the World Health Organization WHO, injuries represent the largest cause of death among people ages 140 –and contribute to a large burden of disease worldwide. The aims of this study were to characterize the prevalence and relative mechanism of injury among children seeking emergency care and describe the demographics at time of presentation among these children to inform further research in Ghana and sub-Saharan Africa.

MethodsA prospective cross-sectional survey of pediatric patients n = 176 was conducted between 13 July 2009 and 30 July 2009 in the Accident and Emergency Center at Komfo Anoche Teaching Hospital KATH in Kumasi, Ghana. Participants were asked questions regarding demographics, insurance status, overall health, and chief complaint.

ResultsOf the 176 patients surveyed, 66% n = 116 presented for injuries. The mean age was 4.7 years range 1.5 months to 17 years, and 68% n = 120 were male. Of those presenting with injury, 43% n = 50 had road traffic injuries RTI. Of the RTIs, 58% n = 29 were due to being an occupant in a car crash, 26% n = 13 were pedestrian injuries, and 14% n = 7 were from motorcycles. There was no significant difference in demographics, health status or indicators of socioeconomic status between injured and non-injured patients.

ConclusionsAmong pediatric patients presenting for acute care at KATH during the study time frame, the majority n = 116, 66% presented for injuries. To date, there are no studies that characterize pediatric patients that present for acute care in Ghana. Identifying injury patterns and collecting epidemiologic data are important to guide future research and educational initiatives for Emergency Medicine.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1865-1380-5-36 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Lauren K Whiteside - Rockefeller Oteng - Patrick Carter - John Amuasi - Ekua Abban - Sarah Rominski - Michelle Nypaver - R

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1865-1380-5-36



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