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Journal of Human Sport and Exercise 2011, 6 2

Author: IÑIGO MUJIKA

Source: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=301023466006


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Journal of Human Sport and Exercise E-ISSN: 1988-5202 jhse@ua.es Universidad de Alicante España MUJIKA, IÑIGO Tapering for triathlon competition Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, vol.
6, núm.
2, 2011, pp.
264-270 Universidad de Alicante Alicante, España Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=301023466006 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Review Article Tapering for triathlon competition IÑIGO MUJIKA 1 USP Araba Sport Clinic, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque Country Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Basque Country ABSTRACT Mujika I.
Tapering for triathlon competition.
J.
Hum.
Sport Exerc.
Vol.
6, No.
2, pp.
264-270, 2011.
The taper is a phase of reduced training before major competitions.
Training intensity should be maintained to retain or enhance training-induced adaptations during tapering, but reductions in other training variables should allow for sufficient recovery to optimize performance.
Lowering training volume by about 41-60% induces positive physiological, psychological and performances adaptations in highly trained triathletes, but performance benefits could be attained with somewhat smaller or bigger volumes.
A final increase of 2030% of the training load during the last days before a race may be beneficial.
High training frequencies ( 80%) seem to be necessary to avoid detraining and “loss of feel” in highly trained triathletes.
The optimal duration of the taper varies widely, and tapers lasting 4 to 28 days may be ideal for individual athletes.
If a temporary increase of about 20% over the normal training load is planned during the month preceding the taper, the duration of the taper should be extended.
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