Meniscus body position and its change over four years in asymptomatic adults: a cohort study using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative OAIReport as inadecuate




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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

, 15:32

Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Abstract

BackgroundA high degree of meniscal body extrusion on knee magnetic resonance imaging has been shown to be strongly associated with development of knee osteoarthritis. However, very little is known about meniscal position in the asymptomatic knee and its natural history. Hence our objective was to study meniscal body position and its change over 4 years in asymptomatic adults.

MethodsCohort study using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative OAI involving four clinical sites in the United States Baltimore, Maryland, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Columbus, Ohio, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. We studied both knees from 118 subjects mean age 55 years, 61% women, mean body mass index 24.4 from the OAI -non-exposed- reference cohort free of knee pain, radiographic knee osteoarthritis and risk factors for knee osteoarthritis at baseline. We assessed mid-coronal intermediate-weighted 3-Tesla magnetic resonance images from baseline and the 2- and 4-year follow-up visit. One observer measured tibia plateau, meniscal body width and meniscal body extrusion in both compartments. We calculated meniscal overlap distance on the tibial plateau, % coverage, and extrusion index compared to tibia width. Potential trends in position over the 4-year period were evaluated using a linear mixed-effects regression model.

ResultsThe mean SD values at baseline for medial meniscal body extrusion and overlap distance were 1.64 mm 0.92 and 10.1 mm 3.5, and coverage was 34.4% 11.9. The corresponding values for the lateral compartment were 0.63 mm 0.73, 9.8 mm 2.4, and 31.0% 7.7. Medial meniscus body extrusion index was greater in female knees p = 0.03. There was slight increase in medial meniscal body extrusion over 4 years 0.040 mm-year 95% CI: 0.019-0.062. The other variables were relatively stable.

ConclusionsIn asymptomatic adults, the relative degree of meniscus body extrusion is more pronounced in female knees. Although a slight increase in extrusion over time was noted for the medial body, positions were relatively stable within subjects over time.

KeywordsKnee Meniscus Magnetic resonance imaging Osteoarthritis Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2474-15-32 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Katharina Bruns - Fredrik Svensson - Aleksandra Turkiewicz - Wolfgang Wirth - Ali Guermazi - Felix Eckstein - Martin Englun

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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