Diagnostic value and cost-benefit analysis of 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in primary care in PortugalReport as inadecuate




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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

, 13:57

Epidemiology

Abstract

BackgroundHypertensive patients HTs are usually attended in primary care PC. We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and cost-benefit ratio of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ABPM in all newly diagnosed hypertensive patients HTs attended in PC.

MethodsIn a cross-sectional study ABPM was recorded in all 336 never treated HTs Office BP ≥140 and-or ≥ 90 mm Hg that were admitted during 16 months. Since benefits from drug treatment in white-coat hypertension WCH remain unproven, a cost benefit estimation of a general use of ABPM vs absence of ABPM in HTs was calculated comparing the cost of usual medical assistance of HTs only diagnosed in office with that based both on refraining from drug treatment all subjects identified as WCH and on the reduction by half of the frequency of biochemical exams and doctor visits.

ResultsWomen were 56%, age 51 ± 14 years and BMI 27 ± 4 Kg-m2. Out of these, 206 were considered as true HTs, daytime ABPM ≥ 135 and-or ≥85 mm Hg and 130 38,7% were identified as having white coat hypertension WCH, daytime ABPM <135-85 mm Hg. Versus HTs, WCH group showed higher percentage of women 68% vs 51% and lower values of an index composed by the association of cardiovascular risk factors. We estimated that with ABPM total medical expenses can be reduced by 23% 157.500 euros with a strategy based on ABPM for 1000 patients followed for 2 years.

ConclusionsIn PC, the widespread use of ABPM in newly diagnosed HTs increases diagnostic accuracy of hypertension, improves cardiovascular risk stratification, reduces health expenses showing a highly favourable benefit-cost ratio vs a strategy without ABPM.

KeywordsHypertension Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ABPM General practice-Family medicine White coat hypertension WCH Cardiovascular risk factors ABPM cost-benefit  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Paulo Pessanha - Manuel Viana - Paula Ferreira - Susana Bertoquini - Jorge Polónia

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2261-13-57







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