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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

, 14:38

Epidemiology

Abstract

BackgroundThe aim of the present study was to identify the long-term major adverse cardiovascular events MACE in adult congenital heart disease ConHD patients in Taiwan.

MethodsFrom the National Health Insurance Research Database 1997-2010, adult patients ≥18 years with ConHD were identified and compared to non-ConHD control patients.
The primary end point was the incidence of MACE.
Cox proportional hazards models were used to compute hazard ratios as estimates for multivariate adjusted relative risks with or without adjusting for age and sex.

ResultsA total of 3,267 adult patients with ConHD were identified between 2000 and 2003 with a median follow-up of 11 years till December 31, 2010.
The five most common types of ConHD were atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot, and pulmonary stenosis.
Overall, the incidence of MACE was 4.0-fold higher in the ConHD group compared with the controls.
After adjustment for age and gender, the patients with ConHD had an increased risk of heart failure, malignant dysrhythmia, acute coronary syndrome, and stroke.
The adult ConHD patients had a decreased life-long risk of MACE if they received surgical correction, especially in the patients with atrial septal defects.

ConclusionsAfter a median of 11 years of follow-up, the Taiwanese patients with ConHD were at an increased risk of life-long cardiovascular MACE, including heart failure, stroke, acute coronary syndrome, and malignant dysrhythmia.
Surgical correction may help to decrease long-term MACE in ConHD patients, especially those with ASD.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2261-14-38 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Yu-Sheng Lin - Pi-Hua Liu - Lung-Sheng Wu - Yu-Ming Chen - Chee-Jen Chang - Pao-Hsien Chu

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2261-14-38



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