Platoon Control Using VLC: A Feasibility Study.Report as inadecuate

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* Corresponding author 1 IMARA - Informatique, Mathématiques et Automatique pour la Route Automatisée Inria Paris-Rocquencourt

Abstract : The major benefits of driving vehicles in controlled close formations such as platoons are that of increasing traffic fluidity and reducing air pollution. While vehicle-to-vehicle V2V communications is requisite for platooning stability, the existing radio communications technologies e.g., the IEEE 802.11p suffer from poor performance in highly dense road scenarios, which are exactly to be created by platooning. This paper studies the applicability of visible light communications VLC system for information exchange between the platoon members. A complete VLC model is built enabling precise calculations of Bit-Error-Rate BER affected by inter-vehicle distance, background noise, incidence angle and receiver electrical bandwidth. Based on our analytical model, the optical parameters suiting platooning application are defined. Finally, a SIMULINK model is developed to study the performances of a platooning longitudinal and lateral control, where VLC is used for V2V information exchange. Our study demonstrates the feasibility of VLC-based platooning control even in the presence of optical noise at significant levels and up to a certain road curvature.

Mots-clés : Communication Visible Light VLC Platoon

Author: Mohammad Abualhoul - Mohamed Marouf - Oyunchimeg Shagdar - Fawzi Nashashibi -



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