Assessment of functional treatment versus plaster of Paris in the treatment of grade 1 and 2 lateral ankle sprainsReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 41–46

First Online: 27 March 2014Received: 23 September 2012Accepted: 03 March 2014

Abstract

BackgroundDespite the common occurrence of ankle sprains, no treatment is considered to be the gold standard for the management of such sprains. We assessed functional treatment versus plaster of Paris POP for the treatment of lateral ankle sprains, with pain and function employed as the outcome measures.

Materials and methods126 Patients were eligible for inclusion. They were assigned to either the functional treatment Tubigrip TG group or the POP group after applying block randomization. Characteristics such as age, dominant ankle, and gender were assessed at baseline. Pain and functional assessments were done using the visual analog scale VAS and the Karlsson score KS at baseline at the start of the study and during the 2nd and 6th weeks, respectively. Data on other subjective parameters, such as the number of painkillers used, the number of days taken off work, and the number of sleepless nights, were requested from the patients at the end of the study. SPSS version 16 was used for analysis, and p < 0.05 was taken to indicate significance.

Results60 Patients completed the trial in each group. The mean ages were 28.77 ± 6.72 in the TG group and 29.83 ± 6.30 in the POP group p = 0.034. There was a slight female predominance. Right and left ankles were equally involved in the TG group, while left ankles were mainly involved in the POP group. Mean differences in VAS and KS between the two groups were statistically significant at the end of the study. The mean number of painkillers used by the patients in the TG group was higher than the number used in the POP group p < 0.001. The mean number of days taken off work was 4.18 ± 1.73 days in the TG group, and 6.25 ± 2.73 days in the POP group p < 0.001. The mean number of sleepless nights was higher in the POP group.

ConclusionThe results of our study indicate that functional treatment provides better functional support and pain reduction than a below-knee POP cast.

Level of evidenceLevel I.

KeywordsAnkle injury Visual analog scale Plaster of Paris M. Naeem and M. K. Rahimnajjad contributed equally to this work.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01499966.

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Author: Muhammad Naeem - Muhammad Kazim Rahimnajjad - Nasir Ali Rahimnajjad - Zaki Idrees - Ghazanfar Ali Shah - Ghulam Abbas

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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