Loss of human Greatwall results in G2 arrest and multiple mitotic defects due to deregulation of the cyclin B-Cdc2-PP2A balance.Report as inadecuate




Loss of human Greatwall results in G2 arrest and multiple mitotic defects due to deregulation of the cyclin B-Cdc2-PP2A balance. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

* Corresponding author 1 CRBM - Centre de recherches de biochimie macromoléculaire

Abstract : Here we show that the functional human ortholog of Greatwall protein kinase Gwl is the microtubule-associated serine-threonine kinase-like protein, MAST-L. This kinase promotes mitotic entry and maintenance in human cells by inhibiting protein phosphatase 2A PP2A, a phosphatase that dephosphorylates cyclin B-Cdc2 substrates. The complete depletion of Gwl by siRNA arrests human cells in G2. When the levels of this kinase are only partially depleted, however, cells enter into mitosis with multiple defects and fail to inactivate the spindle assembly checkpoint SAC. The ability of cells to remain arrested in mitosis by the SAC appears to be directly proportional to the amount of Gwl remaining. Thus, when Gwl is only slightly reduced, cells arrest at prometaphase. More complete depletion correlates with the premature dephosphorylation of cyclin B-Cdc2 substrates, inactivation of the SAC, and subsequent exit from mitosis with severe cytokinesis defects. These phenotypes appear to be mediated by PP2A, as they could be rescued by either a double Gwl-PP2A knockdown or by the inhibition of this phosphatase with okadaic acid. These results suggest that the balance between cyclin B-Cdc2 and PP2A must be tightly regulated for correct mitotic entry and exit and that Gwl is crucial for mediating this regulation in somatic human cells.





Author: Andrew Burgess - Suzanne Vigneron - Estelle Brioudes - Jean-Claude Labbé - Thierry Lorca - Anna Castro -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents