Supplemental S1 fixation for type C pelvic ring injuries: biomechanical study of a long iliosacral versus a transsacral screwReport as inadecuate




Supplemental S1 fixation for type C pelvic ring injuries: biomechanical study of a long iliosacral versus a transsacral screw - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 293–300

First Online: 31 May 2015Received: 23 October 2014Accepted: 22 May 2015

Abstract

BackgroundA single iliosacral screw placed into the S1 vertebral body has been shown to be clinically unreliable for certain type C pelvic ring injuries. Insertion of a second supplemental iliosacral screw into the S1 or S2 vertebral body has been widely used. However, clinical fixation failures have been reported using this technique, and a supplemental long iliosacral or transsacral screw has been used. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical effect of a supplemental S1 long iliosacral screw versus a transsacral screw in an unstable type C vertically oriented sacral fracture model.

Materials and methodsA type C pelvic ring injury was created in ten osteopenic-osteoporotic cadaver pelves by performing vertical osteotomies through zone 2 of the sacrum and the ipsilateral pubic rami. The sacrum was reduced maintaining a 2-mm fracture gap to simulate a closed-reduction model. All specimens were fixed using one 7.0-mm iliosacral screw into the S1 body. A supplemental long iliosacral screw was placed into the S1 body in five specimens. A supplemental transsacral S1 screw was placed in the other five. Each pelvis underwent 100,000 cycles at 250 N, followed by loading to failure. Vertical displacements at 25,000, 50,000, 75,000, and 100,000 cycles and failure force were recorded.

ResultsVertical displacement increased significantly p < 0.05 within each group with each increase in the number of cycles. However, there was no statistically significant difference between groups in displacement or load to failure.

ConclusionsAlthough intuitively a transsacral screw may seem to be better than a long iliosacral screw in conveying additional stability to an unstable sacral fracture fixation construct, we were not able to identify any biomechanical advantage of one method over the other.

Level of evidenceDoes not apply—biomechanical study.

KeywordsIliosacral screws Transsacral screws Type C pelvic ring injuries  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Pooria Salari - Berton R. Moed - J. Gary Bledsoe

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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