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* Corresponding author 1 Télécom ParisTech 2 INFRES - Département Informatique et Réseaux - Network and Computer Science department 3 LTCI - Laboratoire Traitement et Communication de l-Information

Abstract : A number of concepts are included in the term -consciousness-. We choose to concentrate here on phenomenal consciousness, the process through which we are able to experience aspects of our environment or of our physical state. We probably share this aspect of consciousness with many animals which, like us, feel pain or pleasure and experience colours, sounds, flavours, etc. Since phenomenal consciousness is a feature of some living species, we should be able to account for it in terms of natural selection. Does it have an adaptive function, or is it an epiphenomenon ? We shall give arguments to reject the second alternative. We propose that phenomenal properties of consciousness are involved in a labelling process that allows us to discriminate and to evaluate mental representations. We also discuss to what extent consciousness as such has been selected for this labelling function.

Mots-clés : consciousness evolution qualia





Author: Jean-Louis Dessalles -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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