Link-layer Security in TSCH Networks: Effect on Slot DurationReport as inadecuate

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1 DEE - Dipartimento di Elettrotecnica ed Elettronica Bari 2 STMicroelectronics 3 Drakkar LIG - Laboratoire d-Informatique de Grenoble 4 LINCS - Laboratory of Information, Network and Communication Sciences 5 EVA - Wireless Networking for Evolving & Adaptive Applications Inria de Paris

Abstract : The IEEE802.15.4e-2012 standard is widely used in multi-hop wireless Industrial Internet of Things IIoTapplications. In the Time-Slotted Channel Hopping TSCH mode, nodes are synchronized, and time iscut into timeslots. A schedule orchestrates all communications, resulting in high reliability and low poweroperations. A timeslot must be long enough for a node to send a data frame to its neighbor, and for thatneighbor to send back an acknowledgment. Shorter timeslots enable higher bandwidth and lower latency, yetthe minimal timeslot duration is limited by how long link-layer security operations take. We evaluate theoverhead of link-layer security in TSCH networks in terms of minimal timeslot length, memory footprint,and energy consumption. We implement full link-layer security on a range of hardware platforms, exploringdi erent hardware-software implementation strategies. Through an extensive measurement campaign, wequantify the advantage of hardware accelerations for link-layer security, and show how the minimal durationof a timeslot varies between 9 ms and 88 ms for the most common con guration, depending on hardwaresupport. Furthermore, we also highlighted the impact that the timeslot duration has on both high-levelapplication design and energy consumption.

Author: Savio Sciancalepore - Malisa Vucinic - Giuseppe Piro - Gennaro Boggia - Thomas Watteyne -



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