Growth and Comprehensive Quality Index of Tomato under Rain Shelters in Response to Different Irrigation and Drainage TreatmentsReport as inadecuate




Growth and Comprehensive Quality Index of Tomato under Rain Shelters in Response to Different Irrigation and Drainage Treatments - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

The Scientific World Journal - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 457937, 12 pages -

Research Article

College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China

Key Laboratory of Efficient Irrigation-Drainage and Agricultural Soil-Water Environment in Southern China, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210098, China

School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China

Indian River Research & Education Center, University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL 34945, USA

Received 22 January 2014; Accepted 5 June 2014; Published 25 June 2014

Academic Editor: Dun Xian Tan

Copyright © 2014 Guang-cheng Shao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The effects of two levels of irrigation water 100%, 60% and buried underground pipe depths 0.8 m, 0.6 m under rain shelters’ conditions on yield and some quality parameters of tomato were investigated. A fully randomized factorial experiment was conducted between April and August in 2011 and 2012 at Hohai University. It was found that drainage treatments enhanced biomass production, whereas soil desiccation led to biomass reduction. At 60 cm buried underground pipe depths, the drought treatments increased the mean root weight and root-shoot ratio by 14% and 39%, respectively. The main effects of drainage treatments on the fruit quality were increases in total soluble solids TSS, soluble sugar SS, and vitamin C VC compared to the control. In addition, drainage treatments increased the average yield by 13% and 9%, respectively, in both years. The drought treatments did not significantly alter fruit yield, although mean single fruit weight was slightly reduced. Instead, these treatments tend to have great potential to improve fruit quality TSS, SS, and VC to variable extents. In both years, the drought treatment at 60 cm buried underground pipe depths proved to possess the highest comprehensive quality index based on Principal Component Analysis.





Author: Guang-cheng Shao, Ming-hui Wang, Na Liu, Min Yuan, Prem Kumar, and Dong-Li She

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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