Gene expression profiling in the Cynomolgus macaque Macaca fascicularis shows variation within the normal birth rangeReport as inadecuate




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BMC Genomics

, 12:509

Non-human and non-rodent vertebrate genomics

Abstract

BackgroundAlthough an adverse early-life environment has been linked to an increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome, the molecular mechanisms underlying altered disease susceptibility as well as their relevance to humans are largely unknown. Importantly, emerging evidence suggests that these effects operate within the normal range of birth weights and involve mechanisms of developmental palsticity rather than pathology.

MethodTo explore this further, we utilised a non-human primate model Macaca fascicularis Cynomolgus macaque which shares with humans the same progressive history of the metabolic syndrome. Using microarray we compared tissues from neonates in the average birth weight 50-75 centile to those of lower birth weight 5-25 centile and studied the effect of different growth trajectories within the normal range on gene expression levels in the umbilical cord, neonatal liver and skeletal muscle.

ResultsWe identified 1973 genes which were differentially expressed in the three tissue types between average and low birth weight animals P < 0.05. Gene ontology analysis identified that these genes were involved in metabolic processes including cellular lipid metabolism, cellular biosynthesis, cellular macromolecule synthesis, cellular nitrogen metabolism, cellular carbohydrate metabolism, cellular catabolism, nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolism, regulation of molecular functions, biological adhesion and development.

ConclusionThese differences in gene expression levels between animals in the upper and lower percentiles of the normal birth weight range may point towards early life metabolic adaptations that in later life result in differences in disease risk.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2164-12-509 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Bright Starling Emerald - Keefe Chng - Shinya Masuda - Deborah M Sloboda - Mark H Vickers - Ravi Kambadur - Peter D Glu

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2164-12-509



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