Meta-analysis and genome-wide interpretation of genetic susceptibility to drug addictionReport as inadecuate




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BMC Genomics

, 12:508

Human and rodent genomics

Abstract

BackgroundClassical genetic studies provide strong evidence for heritable contributions to susceptibility to developing dependence on addictive substances. Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies GWAS have sought genes, chromosomal regions and allelic variants likely to contribute to susceptibility to drug addiction.

ResultsHere, we performed a meta-analysis of addiction candidate gene association studies and GWAS to investigate possible functional mechanisms associated with addiction susceptibility. From meta-data retrieved from 212 publications on candidate gene association studies and 5 GWAS reports, we linked a total of 843 haplotypes to addiction susceptibility. We mapped the SNPs in these haplotypes to functional and regulatory elements in the genome and estimated the magnitude of the contributions of different molecular mechanisms to their effects on addiction susceptibility. In addition to SNPs in coding regions, these data suggest that haplotypes in gene regulatory regions may also contribute to addiction susceptibility. When we compared the lists of genes identified by association studies and those identified by molecular biological studies of drug-regulated genes, we observed significantly higher participation in the same gene interaction networks than expected by chance, despite little overlap between the two gene lists.

ConclusionsThese results appear to offer new insights into the genetic factors underlying drug addiction.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2164-12-508 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Chuan-Yun Li - Wei-Zhen Zhou - Ping-Wu Zhang - Catherine Johnson - Liping Wei - George R Uhl

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2164-12-508







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