Dynamic changes in transcripts during regeneration of the secondary vascular system in Populus tomentosa Carr. revealed by cDNA microarraysReport as inadecuate




Dynamic changes in transcripts during regeneration of the secondary vascular system in Populus tomentosa Carr. revealed by cDNA microarrays - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Genomics

, 10:215

First Online: 11 May 2009Received: 08 October 2008Accepted: 11 May 2009

Abstract

BackgroundWood is the end product of secondary vascular system development, which begins from the cambium. The wood formation process includes four major stages: cell expansion, secondary wall biosynthesis, lignification, and programmed cell death. Transcriptional profiling is a rapid way to screen for genes involved in these stages and their transitions, providing the basis for understanding the molecular mechanisms that control this process.

ResultsIn this study, cDNA microarrays were prepared from a subtracted cDNA library cambium zone versus leaf of Chinese white poplar Populus tomentosa Carr. and employed to analyze the transcriptional profiles during the regeneration of the secondary vascular system, a platform established in our previous study. Two hundred and seven genes showed transcript-level differences at the different regeneration stages. Dramatic transcriptional changes were observed at cambium initiation, cambium formation and differentiation, and xylem development, suggesting that these up- or downregulated genes play important roles in these stage transitions. Transcription factors such as AUX-IAA and PINHEAD, which were previously shown to be involved in meristem and vascular tissue differentiation, were strongly transcribed at the stages when cambial cells were initiated and underwent differentiation, whereas genes encoding MYB proteins and several small heat shock proteins were strongly transcribed at the stage when xylem development begins.

ConclusionEmploying this method, we observed dynamic changes in gene transcript levels at the key stages, including cambium initiation, cambium formation and differentiation, and xylem development, suggesting that these up- or downregulated genes are strongly involved in these stage transitions. Further studies of these genes could help elucidate their roles in wood formation.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2164-10-215 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Minjie Wang - Xiaoli Qi - Shutang Zhao - Shougong Zhang - Meng-Zhu Lu

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2164-10-215







Related documents