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BMC Cell Biology

, 9:61

First Online: 03 November 2008Received: 22 February 2008Accepted: 03 November 2008

Abstract

BackgroundRoundabouts are axon guidance molecules that have recently been identified to play a role in vascular guidance as well. In this study, we have investigated gene knockdown analysis of endothelial Robos, in particular roundabout 4 robo4, the predominant Robo in endothelial cells using small interfering RNA technology in vitro.

ResultsRobo1 and Robo4 knockdown cells display distinct activity in endothelial cell migration assay. The knockdown of robo4 abrogated the chemotactic response of endothelial cells to serum but enhanced a chemokinetic response to Slit2, while robo1 knockdown cells do not display chemotactic response to serum or VEGF. Robo4 knockdown endothelial cells unexpectedly show up regulation of Rho GTPases. Zebrafish Robo4 rescues both Rho GTPase homeostasis and serum reduced chemotaxis in robo4 knockdown cells. Robo1 and Robo4 interact and share molecules such as Slit2, Mena and Vilse, a Cdc42-GAP. In addition, this study mechanistically implicates IRSp53 in the signaling nexus between activated Cdc42 and Mena, both of which have previously been shown to be involved with Robo4 signaling in endothelial cells.

ConclusionThis study identifies specific components of the Robo signaling apparatus that work together to guide directional migration of endothelial cells.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2121-9-61 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Sukhbir Kaur, Ganesh V Samant contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Sukhbir Kaur - Ganesh V Samant - Kallal Pramanik - Philip W Loscombe - Michael L Pendrak - David D Roberts - Ramani Ram

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2121-9-61







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