REUNION ISLAND, WEST INDIAN OCEAN: AN ACTIVE VOLCANO AS AN UNUSUAL SAMPLING SITE FOR MARINE‐ASSOCIATED FUNGIReport as inadecuate




REUNION ISLAND, WEST INDIAN OCEAN: AN ACTIVE VOLCANO AS AN UNUSUAL SAMPLING SITE FOR MARINE‐ASSOCIATED FUNGI - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 LCSNSA - Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles et des Sciences des Aliments 2 Agence pour la Recherche et la Valorisation Marines - ARVAM Ste Clotilde, La réunion-France

Abstract : Marine ecosystems in active volcanic areas are regularly subject to natural hazardssuch as being covered by incandescent lava flows, acoustic phenomena caused bymicroseisms, temporary changes in physicochemical conditions of water bodiesand exceptional elevations of temperature. The Piton de la Fournaise ReunionIsland is one of the most active effusive volcanoes in the world with 27eruptions between 1998 and 2007 and a mean frequency, over a century, of aneruptive phase every 9 months. It provides a natural laboratory to study thecolonization of a blank substrate. Therefore, a project called BIOLAVE waslaunched in 2010 in order to study species and habitat diversity on the coastalmarine area of the volcano, including the first taxonomic inventory for thesoutheast side of the Island 1.One hundred fungal isolates were obtained from 1977 lava flow -25m depth,2004 lava flow -70m and free water -70m as preliminary sampling. Density ofpropagules was as follows: 0.085-g free water -70m, 20-g 2004 lava –70m and80-g 1977 lava -25m MEA, PDA and Sabouraud media. These isolates shouldnow be identified using phenotypic characteristics and molecular biology.

Keywords : champignon filamenteux fungi volcano Reunion island Indian ocean microbial biodiversity marine-associated microflora





Author: Laurent Dufossé - Mireille Fouillaud - Jean‐pascal Quod -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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