Temporal transcriptomic analysis of the Listeria monocytogenes EGD-e σB regulonReport as inadecuate




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BMC Microbiology

, 8:20

First Online: 28 January 2008Received: 19 July 2007Accepted: 28 January 2008

Abstract

BackgroundThe opportunistic food-borne gram-positive pathogen Listeria monocytogenes can exist as a free-living microorganism in the environment and grow in the cytoplasm of vertebrate and invertebrate cells following infection. The general stress response, controlled by the alternative sigma factor, σ, has an important role for bacterial survival both in the environment and during infection. We used quantitative real-time PCR analysis and immuno-blot analysis to examine σ expression during growth of L. monocytogenes EGD-e. Whole genome-based transcriptional profiling was used to identify σ-dependent genes at different growth phases.

ResultsWe detected 105 σ-positively regulated genes and 111 genes which appeared to be under negative control of σ and validated 36 σ-positively regulated genes in vivo using a reporter gene fusion system.

ConclusionGenes comprising the σ regulon encode solute transporters, novel cell-wall proteins, universal stress proteins, transcriptional regulators and include those involved in osmoregulation, carbon metabolism, ribosome- and envelope-function, as well as virulence and niche-specific survival genes such as those involved in bile resistance and exclusion. Ten of the σ-positively regulated genes of L. monocytogenes are absent in L. innocua. A total of 75 σ-positively regulated listerial genes had homologs in B. subtilis, but only 33 have been previously described as being σ-regulated in B. subtilis even though both species share a highly conserved σ-dependent consensus sequence. A low overlap of genes may reflects adaptation of these bacteria to their respective environmental conditions.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2180-8-20 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Torsten Hain, Hamid Hossain, Som S Chatterjee contributed equally to this work.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2180-8-20 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Torsten Hain, Hamid Hossain, Som S Chatterjee contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Torsten Hain - Hamid Hossain - Som S Chatterjee - Silke Machata - Ute Volk - Sandra Wagner - Benedikt Brors - Stefan Haas

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2180-8-20



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