HCMV-infection in a human arterial organ culture model: effects on cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasiaReport as inadecuate




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BMC Microbiology

, 7:68

First Online: 20 July 2007Received: 08 August 2006Accepted: 20 July 2007

Abstract

BackgroundThe impact of infections with the human cytomegalovirus HCMV for the development of atherosclerosis and restenosis is still unclear. Both a clear correlation and no correlation at all have been reported in clinical, mostly serological studies. In our study we employed a human non-injury ex vivo organ culture model to investigate the effect of an in vitro permissive HCMV-infection on cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia for a period of 56 days.

ResultsDuring routine-nephrectomies parts of renal arteries from 71 patients were obtained and prepared as human organ cultures. Cell free HCMV infection was performed with the fibroblast adapted HCMV strain AD169, the endotheliotropic strain TB40E, and a clinical isolate AN 365. After 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 56 days in culture staining of HCMV-antigens was carried out and reactive cell proliferation and neointimal thickening were analysed. Successful HCMV-infection was accomplished with all three virus strains studied. During the first 21 days in organ culture no cell proliferation or neointimal hyperplasia was detected. At day 35 and day 56 moderate cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia was found both in HCMV-infected segments and mock infected controls. Neointimal hyperplasia in productively HCMV-infected segments was lower than in non infected at day 35 and day 56, but relatively higher after infection with the endotheliotropic TB40E in comparison with the two other strains.

ConclusionThe data do not support the hypothesis that HCMV-infection triggers restenosis via a stimulatory effect on cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia in comparison to non infected controls. Interestingly however, even after lytic infection, a virus strain specific difference was observed.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2180-7-68 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Rainer Voisard - Tanja Krügers - Barbara Reinhardt - Bianca Vaida - Regine Baur - Tina Herter - Anke Lüske - Dorothea We

Source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2180-7-68







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