Survival time in severe hemorrhagic shock after perioperative hemodilution is longer with PEG-conjugated human serum albumin than with HES 130-0.4: a microvascular perspectiveReport as inadecuate




Survival time in severe hemorrhagic shock after perioperative hemodilution is longer with PEG-conjugated human serum albumin than with HES 130-0.4: a microvascular perspective - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Critical Care

, 12:R54

First Online: 18 April 2008Received: 25 January 2008Revised: 14 March 2008Accepted: 18 April 2008

Abstract

IntroductionPreoperative hemodilution is an established practice that is applied to reduce surgical blood loss. It has been proposed that polyethylene glycol PEG surface decorated proteins such as PEG-conjugated human serum albumin may be used as non-oxygen-carrying plasma expanders. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is any difference in survival time after severe hemorrhagic shock following extreme hemodilution using a conventional hydroxyethyl starch HES-based plasma expander or PEG-albumin.

MethodsExperiments were performed using the hamster skinfold window preparation. Human serum albumin that was surface decorated with PEG was compared with Voluven 6% Fresenius Kabi, Austria; a starch solution that is of low molecular weight and has a low degree of substitution; HES. These plasma expanders were used for a 50% blood volume exchange transfusion to simulate preoperative hemodilution. Exchange transfusion was followed by a 60% blood volume hemorrhage to reproduce a severe surgical bleed over a 1 hour period. Observation of the animal was continued for another hour during the shock phase.

ResultsThe PEG-albumin group exhibited significantly greater survival rate than did the HES group, in which none of the animals survived the hemorrhage phase of the experiment. Among the treatment groups there were no changes in mean arterial pressure and heart rate from baseline after hemodilution. Both groups experienced gradual increases in arterial oxygen tension and disturbance in acid-base balance, but this response was more pronounced in the HES group during the shock period. Mean arterial pressure remained elevated after the initial hemorrhage period in the PEG-albumin group but not in the HES group. Maintenance of a greater mean arterial pressure during the initial stages of hemorrhage is proposed to be in part due to the improved volume expansion with PEG-albumin, as indicated by the significant decrease in systemic hematocrit compared with the HES group. PEG-albumin treatment yielded higher functional capillary density during the initial stages of hemorrhage as compared with HES treatment.

ConclusionThe ability of PEG-albumin to prolong maintenance of microvascular function better than HES is a finding that would be significant in a clinical setting involving preoperative blood management and extreme blood loss.

AbbreviationsBVBV = blood volume

FCDFCD = functional capillary density

HASHAS = human serum albumin

HESHES = hydroxyethyl starch

HRHR = heart rate

MAPMAP = mean arterial blood pressure

PaO2arterial oxygen tension

PaCO2arterial carbon dioxide tension

PEGPEG = polyethylene glycol

RBCRBC = red blood cell

TBVTBV = total blood volume.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-cc6874 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Judith Martini - Pedro Cabrales - Ananda K - Seetharama A Acharya - Marcos Intaglietta - Amy G Tsai

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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