Respiratory- and postural-related activities of abdominal muscles during post-exercise hyperventilationReport as inadecuate

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* Corresponding author 1 UVSQ - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines 2 BIM - Biomécanique et génie biomédical

Abstract : AIM: The present study focused on the roles of the superficial abdominal muscles through electromyographic recordings during the maintenance of a bipedal stance perturbed by post-exercise hyperventilation. METHODS: Twelve healthy subjects had to perform six 30-second postural tests: one pre-exercise test while breathing gently and then one test every minute for the five minutes immediately following a maximum-intensity, incremental cycling exercise test. Subjects were asked to maintain an upright stance on a force plate for 30 s, with their eyes open. Movement of the centre of pressure in the sagittal plane was monitored in the time domain. Myoelectric activities of the rectus abdominis RA, external oblique OE and internal oblique OI muscles were recorded unilaterally using surface electromyography EMG. Ventilatory parameters were measured with a portable, telemetric device. RESULTS: The change in ventilatory drive induced by exercise was accompanied by a significant increase in both postural sway parameters and EMG activities. The quantification of EMG activities within the respiratory cycles revealed different EMG patterns. For OE and OI, the increased EMG activities were prominent during expiration. OI was silent during inspiration. OE and RA were activated during both expiration and inspiration. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that abdominal muscles play a role in regulating the ventilatory response to incremental cycling exercise test, although some of the observed activity may support postural adjustments, presumably to reduce respiratory disturbances.

Keywords : Postural control Biomechanics Electromyography Respiration

Author: Pascal David - Jérémy Terrien - Michel Petitjean -



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