Analysis of swimming performance in FINA World Cup long-distance open water racesReport as inadecuate




Analysis of swimming performance in FINA World Cup long-distance open water races - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Extreme Physiology and Medicine

, 3:2

First Online: 02 January 2014Received: 14 September 2013Accepted: 11 November 2013

Abstract

BackgroundAge and peak performance in ultra-endurance athletes have been mainly investigated in long-distance runners and triathletes, but not for long-distance swimmers. The present study investigated the age and swimming performance of elite ultra-distance swimmers competing in the 5-, 10- and 25-km Fédération Internationale de Natation FINA World Cup swimming events.

MethodsThe associations of age and swimming speed in elite male and female swimmers competing in World Cup events of 5-, 10- and 25-km events from 2000 to 2012 were analysed using single and multi-level regression analyses.

ResultsDuring the studied period, the swimming speed of the annual top ten women decreased significantly from 4.94 ± 0.20 to 4.77 ± 0.09 km-h in 5 km and from 4.60 ± 0.04 to 4.44 ± 0.08 km-h in 25 km, while it significantly increased from 4.57 ± 0.01 to 5.75 ± 0.01 km-h in 10 km. For the annual top ten men, peak swimming speed decreased significantly from 5.42 ± 0.04 to 5.39 ± 0.02 km-h in 5 km, while it remained unchanged at 5.03 ± 0.32 km-h in 10 km and at 4.94 ± 0.35 km-h in 25 km. The age of peak swimming speed for the annual top ten women remained stable at 22.5 ± 1.2 years in 5 km, at 23.4 ± 0.9 years in 10 km and at 23.8 ± 0.9 years in 25 km. For the annual top ten men, the age of peak swimming speed increased from 23.7 ± 2.8 to 28.0 ± 5.1 years in 10 km but remained stable at 24.8 ± 1.0 years in 5 km and at 27.2 ± 1.1 years in 25 km.

ConclusionFemale long-distance swimmers competing in FINA World Cup races between 2000 and 2012 improved in 10 km but impaired in 5 and 25 km, whereas men only impaired in 5 km. The age of peak performance was younger in women approximately 23 years compared to men about 25–27 years.

KeywordsSwim Peak performance Speed Age of peak performance AbbreviationsARGArgentina

AUSAustralia

BRABrazil

BULBulgaria

CANCanada

CHNChina

CROCroatia

CZECzech Republic

ECUEcuador

EGYEgypt

ESPSpain

FINAFédération Internationale de Natation

FINFinland

GBRGreat Britain

GERGermany

GREGreece

HUNHungary

ITAItaly

ISRIsrael

MEXMexico

MKDMacedonia

NEDNetherlands

PORPortugal

RSARepublic of South Africa

RUSRussia

SLOSlovenia

SUISwitzerland

UAEUnited Arab Emirates

UKRUkraine

VENVenezuela.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-2046-7648-3-2 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Matthias Alexander Zingg - Christoph Alexander Rüst - Thomas Rosemann - Romuald Lepers - Beat Knechtle

Source: https://link.springer.com/







Related documents