Profile of Problems and Risk Factors Associated with Tobacco Consumption among Professional Drivers in NigeriaReport as inadecuate




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ISRN Public HealthVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 580484, 6 pages

Research Article

Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, P.O. Box 31395 GPO, Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Psychiatry, University College Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 23 November 2011; Accepted 19 December 2011

Academic Editors: J. Epstein and C. Rissel

Copyright © 2012 V. O. Lasebikan and B. Ojediran. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Commercial drivers in Nigeria use tobacco while driving thereby making them vulnerable to developing nicotine dependence. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of problems and identify risk factors associated with tobacco dependence among these drivers. The study design utilized a multistage sampling method to interview 851 consenting subjects using the drug section of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview CIDI. Mean age of smoking initiation was 1 5 . 4 ± 2 . 4 years. Current prevalence rate of using a tobacco product was 354 41.6%. Health problems were the commonest profile of problems 39.6% associated with nicotine dependence. Risk factors associated with nicotine dependence included cigarette smoking and cigarette-snuff combination, with 𝑃 = 0 . 0 1 , respectively. In conclusion, commercial drivers require health educational awareness program about harmful consequences of tobacco and the government needs to enforce no-use tobacco policies within vehicles. The implementation of tobacco cessation programs for those with tobacco-related disorders will also be helpful.





Author: V. O. Lasebikan and B. Ojediran

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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