McrEngine: A Scalable Checkpointing System Using Data-Aware Aggregation and CompressionReport as inadecuate

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Scientific Programming - Volume 21 2013, Issue 3-4, Pages 149-163

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


High performance computing HPC systems use checkpoint-restart to tolerate failures. Typically, applications store their states in checkpoints on a parallel file system PFS. As applications scale up, checkpoint-restart incurs high overheads due to contention for PFS resources. The high overheads force large-scale applications to reduce checkpoint frequency, which means more compute time is lost in the event of failure. We alleviate this problem through a scalable checkpoint-restart system, mcrEngine. McrEngine aggregates checkpoints from multiple application processes with knowledge of the data semantics available through widely-used I-O libraries, e.g., HDF5 and netCDF, and compresses them. Our novel scheme improves compressibility of checkpoints up to 115% over simple concatenation and compression. Our evaluation with large-scale application checkpoints show that mcrEngine reduces checkpointing overhead by up to 87% and restart overhead by up to 62% over a baseline with no aggregation or compression.

Author: Tanzima Zerin Islam, Kathryn Mohror, Saurabh Bagchi, Adam Moody, Bronis R. de Supinski, and Rudolf Eigenmann



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